Category: Automotive

What Is Car Body Glass Coating?


Glass coating is an inorganic material made of a Silica or a Quartz-Silane-based compound. It is used to protect the painted surfaces of car bodies. It is less likely to stain. Unlike traditional wax, its luster and protection can be long-lasting once it is applied. This is because they do not contain materials that oxidize (bind with oxygen). Oxidation weakens the original protection and shine of many car products, thus rendering the car surface prone to damage. It is easy to maintain, provides clean, shiny surfaces and long-lasting protection.

What is the difference between coating and wax?

The main component of wax is carnauba wax oil, which is extracted from palm trees. In recent years, some waxes have added petroleum. Higher quality waxes contain more carnauba oil. Carnauba wax is oil based, so it has water-repellent characteristics and can obscure scratches. However, there are also disadvantages. Waxes can easily become dirty because oil has a high viscosity (thick and sticky). This means dirt can stick to it. Also, wax can easily melt and deteriorate because it is sensitive to heat. Sunshine or engine heat can promote deterioration and cause wax to melt off the car’s surface. Wax can also break down in the rain or when the car is washed.

On the other hand, coating has a chemical composition of silicon, silica, fluorine and titanium. These molecules form a film coating that penetrates between the molecules of the car’s painted surface, creating a very powerful protective layer. Resistant to dirt, heat and rain, coating’s protection and shine will last over a longer period than wax.

There are various kinds of coatings that range in application complexity from simple, which any consumer can apply, to products for professional use only.

During its application, if the car’s surface is dirty and rough, materials will not adhere to car body paint, so surface preparation before application is important.

Types of Glass Coatings

Glass-based coatings can be broadly divided into two categories: quartz-silane based coatings and silica-based coatings.

The quartz-silane-based glass coating, also known as “completely cured glass film type” achieves very high gloss and strong durability. It protects the car body by creating a cured coating of silica on the car’s surface. However, it takes about three weeks for the coating to be fully cured, which is a drawback. It is also expensive because it takes a long time for the product to be formulated.

The silica-based glass coating, also known as “glass fiber type “, also makes a film, coating the surface of the car body. It is fixed to a silicon polymer molecule. It is an easy formulation and, therefore, is costs less to produce. However, its durability and water repellency is inferior compared to the quartz-silane-based.

In addition, some of the fluorine-based coatings, such as Teflon, are used to coat car bodies. They are excellent in durability. However, they are inferior compared to glass coatings and more expensive to formulate. As a result, glass coatings are on the cutting edge of technology’s focus of exploration.

A Glass Coating Hybrid

Currently, there is debate about whether hydrophilic (attracts water) products are more effective than hydrophobic (repels water) products for car care. Glass is hydrophilic. The new types of glass coatings are hybrids, adding a silicone resin layer to the existing glass layer to change the hydrophilic trait of glass to hydrophobic, thus creating a strong water repellant product.

Source by Keiichi Suzuki

How a Tyre Inflator Can Improve Your Fuel Mileage


Most of us know that driving a car with slightly under or over inflated tyres can cause problems. Wear and tear on a tyre is never a good thing but it can actually be very dangerous. Aside from anything else, you will get more mileage out of your car if you drive on correctly inflated tyres. A tyre inflator is a great thing to have so that you can regularly check and adjust your tyre’s inflation.

Driving on incorrectly inflated tyres can actually cause your car a lot of damage. Tracking and other factors are involved but mainly it’s down to how inflated your tyres are. If they’re under inflated they can easily slide on the road and they can also wear in the wrong places meaning that when your tyres are inflated to the right degree, you have uneven tyre grip.

This can cause real problems and one of the best ways to avoid it is to ensure that you have a tyre inflator with you at all times. Most tyre inflators are easy to use and there are even automatic ones these days which provide you with a quick and easy way to check and inflate your tyres.

One of the main reasons that under inflated tyres cause problems is because the car is designed to drive in a certain way and if this is then off balance because of the tyres, your car will be working harder to drive causing an over use of fuel. If you want to improve your fuel mileage then make sure that you’re always checking your tyre pressures.

A lot of people aren’t aware of the problems that can be caused by incorrectly inflating a tyre. A lot of drivers aren’t even sure how to go about filling a tyre with air. One of the great things about the latest tyre inflators is that they do most of the work for you – you simply plug them in, they fill the tyre and then stop and that’s it.

Overall, keeping a tyre inflator in the car with you is a great way to ensure that you always have the correct tyre pressures. Driving your car with the correct tyre inflation can mean that you save a lot of money on fuel and that your car does more miles to the gallon.

Source by Aaliyah H Skinner

Junk Car Removal – No Title, No Problem!


You would think that the world of junk car removal with no title would just be ripe for abuse. After all, without having the official paperwork that actually states that you own the car, any person could claim that any old abandoned vehicle was theirs, sell it for salveagable parts, or donate the car and fraudulently claim a tax deduction. But then there are those honest people who own an old vehicle outright but do not have the title to state ownership. Can you still get that junk car towed away from your property for good without a title? The answer is yes!

Order a replacement title

If you have a junk car that you would like to be rid of, one of the most obvious answers to your problem of not having the title is to get a replacement. In most states, you can order a replacement title as long as you have your vehicle identification number (VIN). Get your replacement title and then you can finally say goodbye to your old, unusable car. After you receive your replacement title for your auto, then you can go about making arrangements have your junk car picked up and removed.

Find a company that doesn’t require a title

Some people just may not want to go through the hassle of getting that replacement title, and that’s fine, there are ways to work around getting rid of your junk car without title in hand. The first is to sell your junk car via private bill of sale. If you can find a buyer, you can negotiate a private sale, describing the make, model, and year of the vehicle, the agreed-upon sale price, and legal signatures. Before going through with the sale, you will want to make check with an attorney to make sure that all of this paperwork is legit in the eyes of the law. Ending up in small claims court is a major hassle that can completely be avoided by doing your homework beforehand.

Another option is to completely outsource this process by going through a nationally recognized service, such as Junk My Car. You can get rid of your old clunker, no matter where you live in the United States or Canada. Simply call the hotline and an operator will walk you through the process. There is no fee for this service and you can generally expect to receive a call from a towing company within 48 hours to finally get your old automobile off of your hands. And to save yourself a headache, you do not need a title.

If you do not have a title, check the state-by-state Vehicle Documentation Guide on the Junk My Car website to review the steps you need to take to prepare for the vehicle removal process. If you live in one of the Canadian provinces, the information you need is also live on their website.

What Happens After You Schedule Your Vehicle To Be Removed?

One of the best things about using the Junk My Car service is that your car will be scrapped for usable parts. It doesn’t matter whether your car is wrecked, totaled, missing parts, or inoperable. While this is a free junk car removal service, you may interested in how you can earn cold hard cash for your junk car. If so, then you can consult their sister company, Buy My Wreck, and have them make you an offer. You can consult with an operator to determine how much your car may be worth, you will be emailed a purchase agreement, and upon agreement, arrangements will be made to tow away your used car for recycling. You can expect to get paid for your vehicle in some cases on the spot during pickup or, in some cases, no later than 14 days via check.

Source by Isaac MacIntosh

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Smartphones Relative to Other Phones


There can be little doubt that in the last few years there has been a tech boom, now people can watch movies and surf the internet on a portable tablet, and do things on the move thanks to super-fast mobile internet speeds. The result has seen the mobile phone turn into a mini computer and entertainment centerall rolled into one, and these new smartphones have become the current tech trend. However, as smartphones assert their dominance on the mobile phone marketplace, what are the advantages and disadvantages of this type of device?


Size: The whole idea of the mobile phone is for it to be as the name suggests, mobile, and at the turn of the century the top phone manufacturers seemed to be adhering to this. The newest and best models were ever smaller in a bid to reach a more compact state for customers who wanted their phone to fit into their pocket and be as light as possible. However with the technology boom of the early century, a need was created for more techs to be placed within a phone, and the result is the colossal size of the smartphone, which is not very compact at all.

Not a phone: New phones on the market now cram so much technology into one device that the fact that it is a phone becomes an unimportant thing, especially with the advent of social messaging. Many people who are not fans of the smartphone will ask why a phone cannot just be a phone, and maybe there is some merit in the notion that those older devices did have something of a plain functionality about them that made them cool.


Technology: As much as technology and putting too much on a phone dilutes the experience for a customer looking for a simpler experience, it is also a major advantage for those looking for something more. Simply put, a smartphone is now a device that covers all bases, music and video players, a HD camera, a satellite navigation system, and a high quality gaming device. When considered as a multi-functional media tool, smartphones are great value for money.

Business and social connectivity: If you are a businessman or woman who wants and needs everything organized, then a smartphone is the perfect device, and in many instances has replaced a PDA. Multiple accounts and high speed internet offer seamless service for those on the move in a high pressure world.

Likewise if just keeping in touch with friends on the move is your thing, then the social media aspects of smartphones are apparent. Access Facebook and Twitter accounts with one touch and keep on top of all of your social interactions.

Whether you see the merits of smartphones or not, the fact is they are here to stay, and for fans of these devices they will be waiting to see what developers do next.

Source by Aronno Bhowmick

Factors To Consider When Buying A Hoverboard


Hoverboards are fun to ride on and they help you cut traffic. For you to buy the right ones you need to consider a number of factors. These factors include:


This is very important. The right size of hoverboard that you should go for should depend on your preferences. While you can tell the size of the unit by simply looking at, it’s also important to check the diameter of the wheels. As rule of thumb ensure that your unit can easily move you from one place to the other without straining it. If you are a big guy, go for a big hoverboard and vice versa.

Wheel sizes range from 5 inches to 10 inches. Small wheels are easier to control but unfortunately, you can’t use them off-road. If interested in riding your hoverboard on rough terrains, you should go for one with large wheels.

Quality of the battery

As you know, the hoverboard is powered by a battery and the last thing you want is riding your unit for a few minutes and being required to charge it. To enjoy riding in your unit you should go for a unit with a high-quality battery. For a great experience, go for a unit with a battery that is capable of lasting up to 8 hours. I’m sure you have come across explosive batteries. To avoid being injured by an explosive battery you should go for UL approved batteries. Before parting with your money you should check the UL certifications.

Quality of the unit

For your travel vehicle to last for a long time it should be of good quality. Some of the things you should look out for when making the purchase are the material used in making it. As rule of thumb ensure that the unit is made from high-quality materials. To protect the unit from water damage, you should ensure that it has a top-notch waterproof feature. If buying offline, always try on the hoverboard and ensure that it’s comfortable to rid on.

Store where you are buying from

Many people pay a lot of attention to the features of the hoverboard and forget where they are buying it from. To buy a high-quality unit, ensure that you buy from a reputable store. This calls for you to do a lot of research before you make the purchase. If buying online, you should read the reviews of the website and ensure that it’s reputable. To avoid getting scammed you should avoid a new website without an established reputation.

If buying offline, you should ask around about the reputation of the store. You should also visit the store and take a look at the quality of the products that they have in stock. You should avoid a store with poor quality products.


These are the factors that you should consider when buying a hoverboard. As mentioned, you should buy from a reputable store in order to increase your chances of buying a high-quality unit.

Source by Satvik Mittal

Tarps For Covering Roof Racks


Tarps are an absolutely wonderful tool for a variety of uses. Tarps can be used as a temporary method to keep your items dry and protected.

Here is a scenario you may find yourself in. It is time for family vacation. You have the SUV loaded with camping gear and have absolutely no more space inside the vehicle. You are going to have to put the rest of your stuff on the roof racks. The problem is there has been a bad spell of weather recently and you obviously can’t afford to have your valuable possessions rained on, exposed to the burning sun, or be whipped with dust and other particles in the unforgiving wind. The solution is easy. Find some tarps for covering the roof racks. A tarp is relatively inexpensive and is designed to protect your belongings.

Tarp vendors is a wonderful place to find the perfect tarp. They offer a very large selection of tarps for every possible use. Maybe you are concerned about money. You want something that will get the job done but not lighten your wallet. Tarp suppliers offer a great selection of economy tarps. The great thing about buying a tarp is that you will always need it again. They have such a variety of uses that you will surely find yourself in need of the tarp that you purchased again and you will be very happy that you invested in it. But maybe money isn’t your primary concern. Maybe your primary concern is making sure that your belongings are protected. Tarp vendors offer super heavy duty tarps that will keep your things bone dry and in perfect condition. On line suppliers have tarps that will mitigate any need that you have. They have flame retardant tarps, lumber tarps, hurricane tarps, tarps for canopies, ice rink tarps, portable garage/shelter canopy tarps, sun shade mess tarps and many more.

Just remember that Tarp suppliers offer more than just tarps for covering roof racks. Perhaps you have a vehicle that has broken down and you need to keep dry until you repair it or find something to do with it. Buying a sun shade mesh tarp from an online Tarp company is an affordable and effective solution. It will save you time and money. Perhaps your garage is filled beyond its capacity with storage items. You have a very large amount of space in your backyard but you need good protection from the weather. A heavy duty or super heavy duty tarp will solve your problem quickly without costing you huge amounts of time. You will find a solution for whatever need you have with Tarpaflex. Discover the practicality and affordability of purchasing a tarp.

Source by Robert Page

There Are Many Benefits Of Using Custom Wheel Spacers


The wheel spacer that get fitted on to a vehicle are attached in between the wheel and the hub of the vehicle. When you get to use the custom wheel spacer, you can even have more benefits as against the ones which are readily available in the market and you go for a direct fitting. You can get a better road clearance with the custom spacer and the cornering of the vehicle during the taking of turns also become easier. The customized ones fit into your vehicle much better creating better effects. They are very much ‘make and model’ specific to give the best results.

Enhanced safety features

Many people prefer to use larger wheel spacer for their cars. When you use the wheel and the rims that are bigger in size than the normal ones, the look of the car gets enhanced. The balance of the vehicle also improves with better road grip. The spacers which are customized allow greater road clearance for the vehicle. The car becomes safer to travel in. There are many sellers who are making the customized spacer which are very specific to your car manufacturer and the model you are using. You can get the details of these customized wheel spacers in the web pages of the manufacturer.

Your vehicle gets an impressive look

With the usage of the customized spacers, you can be able to get an enhanced look of your vehicles. You otherwise car that used to possess an ordinary look gets a facelift through this installation. The wheel spacer when they are fitted onto the car make the wheel to protect outwards. It renders a robust and aggressive look to the vehicle. The car looks more masculine. This effect is prominent in the sports cars too. All the better-looking cars are seen to have good wheel spacers.

Get better control of the car

The maneuvering of the car becomes easier with the introduction of wheel spacer. With the attaching of the custom spacer, you can have a better control of the car. When the car wheel protrudes out, the grip of the wheels rise. The wheels are spaced away from the axle giving the sturdiness to the car. When the car travels at high speeds there are lesser chances of the car turning over. Taking turns also become easier and the car dies not topple. The balance of the car makes it easier to maneuver the car at high speeds. When the car has to be cornered, the larger wheel spacer again render help for easy moving of the wheels.

Change the bolt pattern

With the use of custom wheel spacers, the bolt pattern of the wheels can be changed. The original hub may have a certain bolt pattern. When you attach the spacer, the spacer may have a different bolt pattern over it. With the change in the pattern, the look of the wheel changes. The wheel can also be fitted on more firmly to the hub through the wheel spacer in between. This will again add to the safety issue.

Source by Ryan Bhan

RV Battery Life Expectancy


The life expectancy of your RV batteries depends on you. How they’re used, how well they’re maintained, how they’re discharged, how they’re re-charged, and how they are stored all contribute to a batteries life span. A battery cycle is one complete discharge from 100% down to about 50% and then re-charged back to 100%.

One important factor to battery life is how deep the battery is cycled each time. If the battery is discharged to 50% everyday it will last twice as long as it would if it’s cycled to 80%. Keep this in mind when you consider a battery’s amp hour rating. The amp hour rating is really cut in half because you don’t want to completely discharge the battery before recharging it. The life expectancy depends on how soon a discharged battery is recharged. The sooner it is recharged the better.

What does all of this mean to you? That depends on how you use your RV. If most of your camping is done where you’re plugged into an electrical source then your main concern is just too properly maintain your deep cycle batteries. But if you really like to get away from it all and you do some serious dry-camping you’ll want the highest amp hour capacities you can fit on your RV.

Deep cycle batteries come in all different sizes. Some are designated by group size, like Group 24, 27 and 31. Basically the larger the battery the more amp hours you get. Depending on your needs and the amount of space you have available, there are several options when it comes to batteries. You can use one 12-volt Group 24 deep cycle battery that provides 70 to 85 amp hours or you can use two or more 12-volt batteries wired in parallel. Parallel wiring increases amp hours but not voltage.

If you have the room you can do what a lot of RVers do and switch from the standard 12-volt batteries to two of the larger 6-volt golf cart batteries. These pairs of 6-volt batteries need to be wired in series to produce the required 12-volts. Series wiring increases voltage but not amp hours. If this still doesn’t satisfy your requirements you can build larger battery banks using four 6-volt batteries wired in series/parallel that will give you 12-volts and double your AH capacity.

Happy Camping,


Copyright 2006 by Mark J. Polk owner of RV Education 101

Source by Mark Polk

Dynamometer History – A Timeline of Innovation


Dynamometers have been a part of performance measurement since the days when the presence of horsepower was usually accompanied by four hooves and a tail. This versatile tool is applied around the world, as companies like Taylor Dynamometer build on past innovations with new breakthroughs in data gathering and system control technology.

  • 1828 Gaspard de Prony invented the de Prony Brake, one of the earliest dynamometers
  • 1838 Charles Babbage, known to historians as the Father of the Computer, introduces a dynamometer car to measure the pulling power of English railroad locomotives
  • 1877 William Froude of Great Britain enters the first hydraulic dynamometer, with the first commercial models produced in 1881
  • 1921 Professor EV Collins of Iowa State College develops a draft horse dynamometer, used to measure a horse's capacity to pull the era of heavy metal farm implements
  • 1930 Using designs pioneered through a collaboration with Rudolph Diesel, John Taylor forms the Taylor Dynamometer and Machine Company to produce engine dynamometers
  • 1931 Martin and Anthony Winther introduce the first eddy current dynamometer

Throughout the past seven decades of continued dynamometer development, Taylor has maintained its status as a leader in advancing power measurement technology. Contact us to learn about the latest developments in dynamometers and engine diagnostics, or to inquire about a specific dyno product or application.

How Dynamometers Work

All dynamometers perform the same essential function, measuring the torque, rotational speed and power output of a combustion engine, electric motor or other power source. While the output is the same, many technologies are used to achieve the desired result.

Two Main Types

Most dynamometers can be placed within two distinct categories. Engine dynamometers are designed for coupling directly to the driveshaft of an engine under test, and chassis dynamometers measure the power output of a drive train by using rollers turned by the tires of a vehicle under test. In addition to the two traditional types, Taylor offers a line of portable dynamometers that attach directly to the flywheel of an engine. This allows accurate measurement of engine output without removal of an engine from its drive train.

A Variety of Designs

The work of handling and measuring input power is performed by instruments with a variety of different designs:

O Eddy current dynamometers present a measurable resistant force to engines under test by harnessing the magnetic flux between fixed and rotating electromagnets spun by the engine under test.

O A variant of the eddy current design, powder dynamometers create flux through the application of a fine magnetic powder between the rotor and coil

O Electric motor / generator types are a variation on the adjustable speed drive, using solid state components rather than the physical relationship between electromagnets to create measurable power transfer

O Fan, hydraulic and water brakes use air, water or hydraulic fluid to deliver physical resistance to the power applied by an engine or motor under test. The amount of resulting force absorbed by the fluid is measured to provide an indication of the power applied to the system

The best resource for details on dynamometer function and application is a Taylor Dynamometer application specialist. Contact us for full details on putting the latest in dynamometer technology to work in your application.

Eddy Current Dynamometer History

The story of the eddy current dynamometer is a tale of two Danish boys from Wisconsin, growing up in a time when innovations required an inquiring mind and a machine shop rather than a supercomputer and a doctor degree. Martin Phillip Winther arrived at Ellis Island, New York in 1892 from his native Denmark. The family is extremely settled in Kenosha Wisconsin, where Martin and his American-born brother Anthony began their working lives as employers at the Jeffry Company, makers of the Rambler automobile. At Jeffry, the brothers were involved in the engineering of a four-wheel-drive truck, which led them to break away and found the Winther Motor and Truck Company in 1917. While Winther Motor and Truck made several types of motor vehicles (including light Trucks, fire engines and a sporty vehicle) the firm's chief product was innovation. Beginning around 1920, Martin and Anthony Winther were granted patents for nearly 300 mechanical devices. These included the first successful air conditioning system for Pullman railroad cars, a four-wheel-drive post hole digger for AT & T, the first induction coupling, a magnetic clutch, a cycle-car, variable-speed transmission gears, as well as a giant Press drive, brakes and couplings for the oil field industry.

Although prolific, only one of the Winther brothers' inventions proved to have lasting impact. They are chiefly known for the invention of the eddy current dynamometer, a type of high speed, high power dynamometer capable of far surpassing the products then available in terms of power handling capability. The eddy current dyno was able to turn fast enough to test the turbine engines used in aircraft, wind tunnels and high speed automobiles of the day. The eddy current dynamometer was the chief product of the Dynamical Corporation, founded by the Winthers in 1932. The firm was successful for many years both before and after the brothers sold their interest to Eaton Corporation in 1946. Variations on the eddy current design still serve As the basis for dynamometers today. The designs continued use is a testament to the ingenuity of two men who never rose above the eighth grade in formal education, yet parlayed their considerable on-the-job insight into a lasting nationality of technical achievement.

Source by Lauren Peters

Car Driving Tips – Accelerate Through Curves For Better Traction


Of the many car driving tips that might be offered, this one isn’t intuitive – accelerate through curves to gain better traction. It seems that acceleration on a curve would cause a vehicle to loose traction and fishtail. It does if you apply too much, but limited acceleration improves traction when taking a curve.

To understand this, let’s first look at traction. Then let’s see how a vehicle wants to behave when rounding a curve, and then let’s put the two together.

Traction is…

Traction is necessary for travel in the direction we desire. When we accelerate away from a stop, the vehicle moves because it has traction with the road. It moves away from the curb smartly if we accelerate more because greater acceleration provides more traction – up to the point where we’ve lost traction because of applying too much power to the drive wheels.

If we’re on snow and ice, nearly any hard acceleration will cause the wheels to slip and the vehicle to slide in ways that make it behave more according to momentum and gravity than in the direction in which we’re steering. If we accelerate lightly, then we’re likely to move in a manner and direction that we expect.

Think in Term of Vectors…

Now, think of vehicle travel in terms of a single vector pointing in the direction your vehicle wants to travel. When you’re driving straight, there is a vector pointing directly ahead of you because your drive wheels are pushing or pulling you in that direction. Easy enough to understand.

Now, imagine the vector when you’re coasting around a curve. It’s pointing ahead of you and towards the outside of the curve because you’re going forward yet momentum wants to take you off the road. Accelerate hard and you lose traction and slide in the direction of momentum – the vector points hard to the outside of the curve as you slide off the road. It’s the same as if you had hit ice on a curve – you lose traction and the vehicle goes where momentum and gravity want it to go.

Putting it Together…

In light of the example above where we lost traction on a curve, it’s easy to understand that more traction will keep us going in the direction we desire (simply because a loss of traction had the opposite effect). We also discovered that increased acceleration provides enhanced traction – up to a point.

Therefore, if we accelerate just a bit, then we’re taking advantage of enhanced traction and effectively redirecting the vector to point more towards the desired direction of travel and away from the outside of the curve. This is why experienced motorcyclists will slow down a bit going into a curve and accelerate through the curve – it helps them “stick” to the road with more traction.

Try it Yourself…

Here’s an experiment to prove the point. Drive with a steady foot around a curve you travel often and note how it feels. Then the next time drive around the curve, simply coast a bit and see how it feels. Then, the next time you drive around the curve use slight acceleration. You’ll notice the difference between the three approaches, and it will convince you that limited acceleration promotes traction in a curve.

Again, of all the driving tips, this one isn’t intuitive, but it’s true that acceleration through curves provides a wider margin of safety because of improved traction.

Source by Clair Schwan